The Impact of Media in the Spread of Propaganda by Rebel Groups in Indonesia (Analysis of the Armed Separatist Movement KKB in Papua)

Muhammad Isnain Sidin, Fauzia Cempaka Timur, Susaningtyas Handayani Kertopati


Abstract— This research is an in-depth look at the impact of media in the dissemination of propaganda by insurgent groups, with a focus on the armed separatist movement KKB (armed criminal group) in Papua, Indonesia. Mass media, particularly digital platforms and social media, have become the main channels for armed groups to spread their narratives and propaganda. This research aims to reveal the mechanism of information dissemination by the Papuan KKB through the media, as well as analyse its impact on public perceptions of the conflict and the issue of separatism in Papua. This research method involves qualitative analysis with secondary data sources obtained through literature study. The results of the analysis will provide a deeper understanding of how mass media acts as an effective tool in armed groups' efforts to influence public opinion. The study also discusses the factors that influence how the public responds to the propaganda spread by the Papuan KKB. The findings of this study are expected to contribute to the literature on media impact in the context of separatism movements, as well as provide a richer insight into how mass media can be used to influence public views on armed conflict in Indonesia. In addition, this research can also serve as a basis for designing strategies to prevent the spread of unhealthy propaganda through mass media in order to support peace and stability in the region.


Propaganda, Insurgency, Separatism

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