Wind, Wave And Ocean Current Characteristics To Support Maritime Security In The Malacca Strait

Arditho Bramandika Putra, Mauliza Fatwa Yusdian, Ajiz Nur Efendi, Trismadi Trismadi, Andrian Andaya Lestari, Agus Haryanto Ikhsanudin


The Strait of Malacca, located between Malaysia and Indonesia, is a strategic and economic shipping lane on parwith the Suez Canal and the Panama Canal. Its existence has a significant impact especially in the economic and military context in the Asia-Pacific. Maritime security in the Malacca Strait is a major focus, covering aspects ofnavigation, countering transnational crime, and addressing non-traditional issues such as environmental security and search and rescue operations at sea. This research uses data processing methods and oceanographic meteorological modelling systems by utilising multidimensional data in NetCDF format, developed by BMKG. The results show that the wind in the Malacca Strait generally blows from the Northwest and Southeast with an average speed of 0-6 knots, reaching a maximum of 20-30 knots especially in the central and northern parts of the Malacca Strait. The average wave height is 0.0-0.5 metres, with maximum heights reaching 3-5 metres. Currents have an average speed of 0-30 cm/s, with maximum speeds reaching 60-100 cm/s. Thus, in terms of Shipping Safety, conditions in the Malacca Strait can be considered relatively safe. However, it is necessary to be aware of changes in weather conditions that may occur suddenly, especially during transitional or transitional periods. This study makes an important contribution to the understanding of maritime security in the Malacca Strait, enabling relevant parties to take the necessary measures to ensure the safety and security of shipping inthe region.


Malacca Strait, Shipping, Maritime Security, Economy, Safety

Full Text:



Anggara, P. D., Adrianto, D., Pranowo, W. S., & Alam, T. M. (2022). Analisis Karakteristik Gelombang Laut Guna Mendukung

Data Informasi Operasi Keamanan Laut di Wilayah Laut Natuna dan Laut Natuna Utara. Jurnal Chart Datum, 3(2), 107–

"Coastal Upwelling off the Northern South China Sea Coast and Its Relationship to the MonsoonWinds" by Chen, D., Wang, D.

X., Tang, D. L., et al. (2003).

de Jong, S. M., Kooi, M., & Koper, R. (2012). "Exploring the use of GIS-based multidimensional datacubes in spatial decision

support". International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 26(3), 393-411.

Hadi, S. and I. Radjawane. (2009). Ocean Currents. Bandung Institute of Technology. Bandung. Journalof Civil Engineering,

Vol 13. No. 1, pp: 11 - 22.

Henderson, F., & Vellidis, G. (2016). Spatiotemporal data mining and analysis. CRC Press.

Kadir, Abdul. (1995). Energy Resources, Innovation, Power and Economic Potential. Jakarta: Publisherof Universita Indonesia




NASA. (2020). What Are NetCDF Data? Retrieved from are- netcdf-data.

Purba, Noir P., and Widodo, S. Pranowo. (2015). Oceanographic Dynamics, Description of Water Mass Characteristics and

Seawater Circulation. ISBN: 978-602-0810-20-1 UNPAD Press, Bandung.

Rusli, M. H. B. M., Suherman, A. M., Yuliantiningsih, A., Wismaningsih, W., & Indriati, N. (2021). The Straits of Malacca and

Singapore: Maritime Conduits of Global Importance. Research in World Economy, 12(2), 123.

Sandkamp, A., Stamer, V., & Yang, S. (2022). Where has the rum gone? The impact of maritime piracy on trade and transport.

Review of World Economics, 158(3), 751–778.

Sinaga, A. D., & Luthfia, O. M. (2019). Pengolahan Data Grib Untuk Penentuan Karakteristik Gelombang Di Perairan Karimun

Jawa Dengan Menggunakan Windwaves-05. Journal Of Innovation And Applied Technology, 05(01), 888–897.

Unidata. (2020). NetCDF Overview. Retrieved from

Wan, C., Zhao, Y., Zhang, D., & Yip, T. L. (2021). Identifying important ports in maritime container shipping networks along

the Maritime Silk Road. Ocean & Coastal Management, 211(February), 105738.

Wu, S. (2016). Maritime security in the South China Sea: regional implications and international cooperation. Routledge



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Arditho Bramandika Putra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.