The Role of ASEAN in Establishing Regional Maritime Security

Ronald Tampubolon, Anak Banyu Perwita, Fauzia Cempaka Timur


Southeast Asia is a geographically important strategic location.  In particular, as it is a very important location in terms of the international maritime transportation route through the sea, it is receiving a lot of attention from national and other non-state actors in the region.  This article analyses many challenges that can affect maritime security conditions in Southeast Asia by applying DIME.  Internationally, China's economic growth has had an impact on the arms race in the Asia-Pacific region.  China's economic revival and military build-up in the Asia-Pacific region have actually changed US interest in the region.  In particular, China's claim to ownership of much of China's East and South Seas represents a challenge to liberalism in the Asia-Pacific maritime region. Conflicts between China and some countries (Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, and Brunei Darussalam) have arisen in East Asia and the Pacific South Sea at China's insistence. On the other hand, ASEAN region is mostly island countries, so most of the challenges are related to non-traditional threats such as terrorism, rebellion and transnational maritime crimes (piracy, armed robbery, smuggling, illegal activities at sea, etc.).  In addition, another challenging situation among ASEAN member states is border disputes.  As a Southeast Asian national organization, ASEAN has a moral obligation and responsibility to address these issues in order to maintain regional maritime security.  In addition, as a new frame work in terms of collective response, the ASEAN Political-Security Community (APSC) specifies that by 2025, a peaceful, safe and stable region in relation to maritime security will be built. Accordingly, in this paper, based on the SWOT analysis of ASEAN's role in maritime security in Southeast Asia considering internal factors (strengths-weaknesses) and external factors (opportunity threats), the strategic position of ASEAN should take a strength-opportunity strategy. As a result, ASEAN must adopt a strategy of combining strengths and opportunities, leveraging these strengths to capitalize on the opportunities it has to play a role in maintaining maritime security in Southeast Asia.


ASEAN, Maritime, Security

Full Text:



ASEAN Political-Security Community Blueprint 2025. Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat, March 2016.

Bueger, Christian. “What is Maritime Security?”: Forthcoming in Marine Policy 2015. Cardiff University. 2015.

Bueger and Stockbruegger (2013) for an exemplary reconstruction of such practices drawing on the case of counter-piracy in the Gulf of Aden.

European Union. 2014. European Union Maritime Security Strategy. Council of the European Union Doc. 11205/14. Brussels: European Union.

Gerkey, Solvey & Evers, Han-Dieter. 2011. “Malacca Strait: Narrow Straits of The International Trade”. Academic Journal Edition 81(1) Page 9-10. (Stated in Maritime Journal by Gaol, Trialen Lumban. “Peran ASEAN Maritime Forum (AMF) Dalam Menjaga Kemanan Maritim (Studi Kasus Perompakan di Selat Malaka)”. 1 Februari 2017. Universitas Riau).

IMO. Reports on Act of Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Ship. Annual Report 2016. 2017 March 30.

Kenson, John G Lieutenant Colonel. “On Strategy: Integration of DIME in the Twenty-First Century”. US Army War College. February 2nd 2012.

Miracola, Sergio PhD. “Chinese Maritime Strategy and the US-China Relation: Thucydidean Trap or Chinese Historical legacy?” Political History IMT Institute for Advanced Studies of Lucca.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Ronald Tampubolon, Anak Banyu Perwita, Fauzia Cempaka Timur

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.