Degradation Of The Ethical (Social) Sustainability Of Public Drinking Water Services In The Municipality Of Dassa-Zoume In Benin

Rene Ayeman Zodekon, Cyr Gervais Etene, Leocadie Odoulami


In the municipality of Dassa-Zoume, there is a real problem of unequal access to public drinking water services. This paper studies the ethical sustainability of public drinking water services in the municipality of Dassa-Zoume.

The 3E method was used for this research. It made it possible to assess the weight of the cost of water in monthly household income and to analyze the rate of complaints and unpaid bills. Data was collected through documentary research and field surveys carried out among 100 households and 20 stakeholders in the management of public drinking water services. Data processing and analysis was made possible by Sphinx 4.5 software.

The results show that 32.9% of households surveyed have a monthly salary of less than 15,000 FCFA, 26% of households have their salary between 15,000 and 30,000 FCFA and only 12.1% of households have a salary greater than 60,000 FCFA. The chi2 test carried out shows a dependence is very significant at the threshold α = 0.05 (chi2 = 124.77, dof = 12, 1-p => 0.0001%) between the monthly income of the monthly and the quantity of daily water consumed. Low-income households consume less water than households with incomes above 60,000 F. Monthly, the minimum cost of access to water per person is 673 F and the maximum is 8,481 F. This cost represents at least 22.8% of the income of poor households and 7.07% of the income of households that earn at least 60,000 F monthly. These rates greatly exceed the threshold of 3% accepted for the service to be ethically sustainable.


Dassa-Zoumé; Public Drinking Water Service, Performance indicators; 3E method, Sustainability

Full Text:



Bibliographic reference

-MATTERSDORF Guillaume 2010. Asset management and sustainability of public drinking water and sanitation services, Master's thesis in Rural Engineering, Water and Forests, 106 p.

-MONTGINOUL Marielle, VERDON Dominica and EVEN Loïc, 2010. Understanding the evolution of drinking water consumption in the Nantes agglomeration, Analysis report produced within the framework of the Research-Action partnership between the Nantes Métropole Water Department and CEMAGREF, 41 p.

-TABI TSANGA Marie. and NAFI Amir., 2013. Social sustainability of urban water management in France and evaluation of the social effects of an analytical model guaranteeing solidarity in access to water, Resilience in action in the territories urban, 33 p.

- GOLDMAN Miachaël, 2005. Imperial Nature: The World Bank and Struggles for Social Justice in the Age of Globalization (Yale University Press, New Haven, CT).

- BAKKER J. Karen, 2003. An Uncooperative Commodity Privatizing water in England and Wales, Oxford University Press, 224 p.

- BALLET Jérôme, DUBOIS Jean Luc and RÉGIS MAHIEU François 2011. The social sustainability of sustainable development: from omission to emergence, world in developpment, 227-277vol. 4 n ° 156, pp. 89-110.

- BARRAQUÉ Bernard 2007. Summary of research on metering and pricing of water in the City of Paris and recommendations, 114 p

-INSAE, 2013: Fourth general population and housing census: Some results, 106.

-ZODEKON Ayéman René, 2016. Management of water resources in the face of rainfall variability in the municipality of Dassa-Zoumé in Benin. DEA thesis, EDP / FLASH / UAC, 88 p.

- CANNEVA. Guillem & LAJARS Caroline 2009. "Analysis of the sustainability of water and sanitation services - Case of the city of Gignac". Montpellier (France): Engineering study of GREF-student engineers for Gignac Energie, 2009, p 32.

- CLEMENT MAROT Cahors A. Douai and GENET-DELACROIX Claude, 2011 “Reflections on the concept of social sustainability in the context of the countries of the South”, world en developpment, vol. 4, no.156, p. 7-18.

- VALLANCE Suzanne, HARVEY C. Perkins, DIXON Jennifer, 2011. What is Social Sustainability? A Clarification of Concepts, Geoforum, 42 (3), 342-348.

- LITTIG Beate et GRIESSLER Erich, 2005. Social Sustainability: a Catchword Between Political Pragmatism and Social Theory, International Journal of Sustainable Development, 8(1/2), 65-79.

-WHO, 2003. Situation of the EPA network as of December 31, 2002.

- WHO / UNICEF, (2015); Progress on sanitation and Drinking Water, Report-WHO, 90 p.

- FITCH J.Michael and PRICE Helen, 2002. Water poverty in England and Wales, Chartered Institute of Environmental Health, [En ligne] URL:, Consulté le 13 décembre 2019 à 10h32 min.

-SEBO Vifan Emmanuel (2014). Analysis of the differentiating factors of diarrheal morbidity in the South Beninese geographical basin of the Mono River (West Africa). Doctoral thesis, EDP / GENV / FLASH / UAC, 339 p.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 ZODEKON AYEMAN RENE

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.