Human Bite Facial Wounds Observed At The University Hospital Center Antanambao Toliara Madagascar

LS Haminason, FVA Rakotoarimanana, HF Randrianjaka, F Rakotoniaina, RA Rakotoarison, J Rakotosamimanana, AM Riel, T Randriamanantena


Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological and anatomo-clinical aspects of human bite facial wounds seen at the University Hospital Center Antanambao Toliara Madagascar.

Method: This was a 03 years retrospective descriptive study, from January 2018 to December 2020. Patients with facial wounds caused by third-party bites were included.

Results: We identified 14 patients including 10 men (71.43%) and 04 women (28.57%), giving a sex ratio of 2.5. The mean age of our patients was 31.14 years. The victims of the bite come from a variety of socio-professional backgrounds. Nine patients lived in rural areas and 05 in urban areas. The bites were inflicted by males in 64.29% of cases. The bite occurred between man and man in 09 cases; woman and woman in 04 cases, and one man was bitten by his wife. The bite occurred during a fight under the influence of alcohol in 10 patients; during a social conflict in 03 patients and a marital conflict in one patient. Eight patients (57.14%) consulted in the first six hours after the accident. The lower lip (50%) was the most frequent site of injury, followed by the ear (21.43%). In 71.43% of cases, these were wounds with loss of substance. Treatment was medico-surgical.

Conclusion : Human bites are a rare cause of facial injuries in our practice. The resulting injuries are often immediately serious and deserve great attention.


Face, human bites, wound.

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