Self-Medication During Oral Diseases In The Urban Commune Of Mahajanga-Madagascar



Self-medication is widely practiced in the world of which developing countries have had a great deal of experience.

The aim of this study was to determine self-medication practices during oral diseases in the urban commune of Mahajanga. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from July to September 2019 in 384 patients aged 18 years and older, consulted for oral diseases.

Sixty-four point one percent of the patients surveyed practiced self-medication for oral diseases. Anti-inflammatory drugs (76.6%), analgesics (46.9%) and antibiotics (31.7%), taken alone or in combination, were frequently used drugs. Diclofenac (47.3%), paracetamol (50%) and amoxicillin (84.6%) were the most consumed. Toothache was the main trigger for self-medication (83.3%) and the lack of time to see a dentist was the main reason for self-medication (30.1%). Among patients who self-medicated, 54,1 % got their drugs from pharmaceutical establishments. Only 16.7% of patients surveys were aware of the danger of self-medication. A significant association was found between self-medication practice and age (p = 0.003), marital status (p = 0.01), possession of medical care (p = 0.000), type of oral health problem (p = 0.000).

Self-medication remains a widespread practice in the community. However, it is imperative to increase awareness to limit the risks associated with this practice.


Self-medication, oral diseases, Madagascar

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