Prevalence Of The Use Of Intravenous Opioids In The General Hospital In Vushtrri

Lindita Aliaga


Introduction-Opioids are medications that are given as an analgesic. During the intraoperative period, they are given intravenously, causing an analgesic effect during the entire period of keeping the patient under anesthesia. The purpose of this research is to gain knowledge on opioids and to assess the importance of opioid use during the operative period.

The methodology in this paper is based on statistical research done at the Regional Hospital of Vushtrri, among patients who underwent a surgical intervention. The statistics are taken from the protocols of 2021 in the period January-March.

The results of the research show us that opioids are unavoidable in general and regional anesthesia, precisely the results prove that the most used intravenous opioid is Fentanyl, in different doses in different patients and in the type of general or spinal anesthesia.

Results From the results it can be concluded that Fentanyl is the most used opioid, due to its actions. If it is administered in appropriate doses, the possibility of its negative effects is reduced.



Keywords: Opioids, fentanyl, general anesthesia, regional anesthesia


Opioids, Fentanyl, General Anesthesia, Regional Anesthesia

Full Text:



Amanda Barrell. (2021). Medical News Today. Retrieved from

Ananya Mandal. (2019). Medical Life Sciences. Retrieved from

Anna Smith. (2021). Medical News Today. Retrieved from

Autumn Rae Florimbio. (2022). American Addiction Centers. Retrieved from fentanyl-overdose

Barrell, A. (2021, July). Medical News Today. Retrieved from

Benyamin, R. (2008). National Library of Medicine. Retrieved from oid%20administration%20include%20sedation%2C,proper%20prescribing%20and%20in%20tu%20inadequate%20pain%20management.

Carlos F. Ramos-Matoz. (2022, May). National Library of Medicine. Retrieved from

Emily Swaim. (2022). Healthline. Retrieved from are-opioids#types

John M.Swegle. (2006, October). American Family Physician. Retrieved from

NIDA. (2022). National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved from Naloxone DrugFacts:

Nora D. Volkow. (2021, June). National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved from Richard Novak. (2018). The Anesthesia consultant. Retrieved from anesthesiologists- perspective/#:~:text=Fentanyl%20ëas%20first%20synthesized%20by%20Dr.%20Paul%20Janssen rapid onset%20narcotic%20drug%20usually%20administered%20by%20int



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Linda Aliaga

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.