Assessment Of The Bioethanol Potential Of Cactus (“Opuntia Ficus Indica”) From Madagascar

Fenosoa Tatiana Randremahitsimanana, Nantenaina Volamahefa Rabetokotany-Rarivoson, Jean-Luc Rasoanaivo, Rijalalaina Rakotosaona


The cactus (Opuntia ficus indica) is an invasive plant in arid areas. The realization of several researches on the physico-chemical properties of its cladodes and fruits encourages their valuation in a new source of energy. In addition, the Opuntia ficus indica is a medicinal plant but also could be a source of a new material such as plastic, leather, etc. In our study, we aim to assess the bioethanol potential of different parts of the Opuntia ficus indica from Madagascar. For this production, we used several processes such as reducing raw materials, grinding, gelling, fermentation and distillation. The results of this study bring us to say that we can obtain bioethanol from the Opuntia ficus indica: a 16° bioethanol from its cladodes and a 49° bioethanol from its fruits. Nevertheless, in order to be able to commercialize this product, improvements such as rectification are needed.


Cladodes, Prickly pear, Distillation, Sugars rate, Alcohol

Full Text:



M. M. Kacimi, “Analyse du secteur de l’éthanol selon les principes du développement durable,” Université de Sherbrooke, 2008.

H. F. Ranaivoarisoa, L. Rakotoarisoa, M. Faharano, R. Ramananarivo, and S. Ramananarivo, “La farine issue de l’Opuntia ficus indica: Elément de stratégie nutritionnelle dans les zones arides du Sud de Madagascar,” 2018. doi:

B. B. Blair, W. C. Yim, and J. C. Cushman, “Characterization of a microbial consortium with potential for biological degradation of cactus pear biomass for biofuel production,” Heliyon, vol. 7, no. 8, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07854.

T. Espinosa-Solares, D. E. Solís-Cruz, J. E. Aguilar-Toalá, J. C. Meneses-Reyes, C. Gallegos-Vázquez, and G. Hernández-Eugenio, “Biochemical methane potential of Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. cladodes in co-digestion with cow manure,” J. Arid Environ., vol. 202, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2022.104757.

J. Sánchez, F. Sánchez, M. D. Curt, and J. Fernández, “Assessment of the bioethanol potential of prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.) biomass obtained from regular crops in the province of Almeria (SE Spain),” Isr. J. Plant Sci., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 301–318, 2012, doi: 10.1560/IJPS.60.1.301.

D. Kumar, A. Juneja, and V. Singh, “Fermentation technology to improve productivity in dry grind corn process for bioethanol production,” Fuel Process. Technol., vol. 173, pp. 66–74, 2018, doi:

ADEME Expertises, “Produire des biocarburants,” ADEME Expertises, 2019.

B. R. A. Alencar, E. D. Dutra, E. V. de S. B. Sampaio, R. S. C. Menezes, and M. A. Morais, “Enzymatic hydrolysis of cactus pear varieties with high solids loading for bioethanol production,” Bioresour. Technol., vol. 250, pp. 273–280, 2018, doi:

L. Burillard et al., “Les fermentations alimentaires,” Lorraine, 2015. [Online]. Available:

L. Jamai and M. Ettayebi, “Optimization of bioethanol production from prickly pear of Opuntia ficus-indica at high temperatures,” Environ. Eng. Manag. J., vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 941–948, 2021.

S. Agab and F. Choulak, “Optimisation d’extraction par sonication d’ un coagulant naturel : mucilage des raquettes de Figuier de Barbarie,” Département de Sciences Alimentaires Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, 2018.

B. R. A. Alencar et al., “Bioethanol production from cactus cladode biomass: considerations of harvesting time, dry matter concentrations, and enzymatic hydrolysis,” Biomass Convers. Biorefinery, 2020, doi: 10.1007/s13399-020-00960-2.

I. Fennouche, “Production de bioéthanol à partir de résidus d’agriculture,” Université de Mokhtar Annaba, 2017.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Fenosoa Tatiana Randremahitsimanana, Nantenaina Volamahefa Rabetokotany-Rarivoson, Jean-Luc Rasoanaivo, Rijalalaina Rakotosaona

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.