Hydrocarbons Utilizing Coliform from Polluted Soil (Sandy, Clay and Loamy) in Jega, Nigeria

Bilyaminu Garba Jega, Muhammad Shamsuddeen Muhammad, Abdulazeez Aishat Folake, Mvendaga Iormanger, Musa Ibrahim


Environmental pollution with spilled oil and waste hydrocarbons has become a problem of major concern on the global scale. The study determined the biodegradation potentials of coliform from soil treated with petrol in Jega metropolis.  A total of nine (9) soil samples were collected and analyzed using Physicochemical and Microbiological standard techniques. The mean values of the physicochemical parameters tested ranged; pH (6.8-7.8), Temperature (–32.6b), Electrical conductivity (-), Dissolved oxygen (2.4-8.9), Biological oxygen demand ( -), Chemical oxygen demand (), Nitrogen content (1.30.2 -) and Phosphorous contents (2.90.- ). The spectrophotometric biodegradation potential of the soil samples reveals the turbidity range of 2.3-7., after which the bacterial isolates as scoliform were obtained, the isolates were further biochemically characterized, their percentage of occurrence show; Pseudomonas aeruginosa with 5 (29.4%), Escherichia coli with 3 (17.6%), Proteus vulgaris with 3 (17. 6%), Citrobacter koseri with 2 (11.8%), Citrobacter freundii with 2 (11.8%), while Proteus mirabilis with 2 (11.8%). The bacteria isolated fit for utilizing hydrocarbons as energy source. Therefore, microbes can be considered as a key component in the cleanup strategy for petroleum hydrocarbons remediation.


Coliform, Pollution, Hydrocarbons, Biodegradation, Spectrophotometric

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.52155/ijpsat.v34.1.4469


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