Efficiency Analysis of Thermoelectric Generators as Source of Electricity for Domestic Use

Comfort Ezichi Chiadikaobi


Silicon semiconductor was explained. Thermoelectric generators were discussed, giving details of how they work through Peltier effect. Also, thermoelectric plates have been vividly explained with respect to how temperature difference created on its sides can result to electricity being generated. Key equations relating to thermoelectric generators in terms of power, temperature and energy were expressed and numbered appropriately. Related work was considered; it is a simple experiment where thermoelectric plates are used to covert simple candle temperature to electricity. It has also been concluded that the output voltage from such generator is proportional to temperature differential across the plates.


Silicon semiconductors, Thermoelectric plate, Peltier effect, Seebeck effect, Thermoelectric generators, Temperature gradient.

Full Text:



S. Mane, (April 2017). An overview of the applications and performance characteristics of the thermoelectric devices. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316935297_An_overview_of_the_applications_and_performance_characteristics_of_the_thermoelectric_devices

Fuji E, (2012). https://www.fujielectric.com/products/semiconductor/about/index.html

John H, (2007). Basic Principles of Heat Pipes and History. http://www.Heatsinksfortransistors.html

M. Khan, (November, 2020). Research and Development of Portable Thermoelectric Generator Using Peltier Plates and Waste Heat. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/349154216_Research_and_Development_of_Portable_Thermoelectric_Generator_Using_Peltier_Plates_and_Waste_Heat

D. Weedmark, (2019). http://www.smallbusiness.chron.com/safe-gpu-temperature-laptop-77827.html

Changwei L, Pingyun C, Kewen L, (2014). Thermoelectric Generator for Low-temperature Geothermal Resources. Thirty-Ninth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford California, USA.

Electrical for you, (October 28, 2020). What are Thermoelectric Power Generators? https://www.electrical4u.com/thermoelectric-power-generators-or-seebeck-power-generation/

B. Bauen, (August 31, 2014). LM317 Voltage Regulator. https://biegemaschinebauen.blogspot.com/2014/12/lm317-voltage-regulator.html

Albert T.C, (2007). A Test Structure for the Measurement and Characterization of Layout Induced Transistor Variation. Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California, Berkeley.

Electrical for you, (August 31, 2020). Seebeck Effect: What is it? (Voltage, Coefficient & Equation). https://www.electrical4u.com/seebeck-effect-and-seebeck-coefficient/

Johnson B, (2012). https://www.edn.com/design/components-and-packaging/4371386/Use-a-transistor-as-a-heater.

Ayoub l, (2018). Investigation and minimization of losses in silicon solar cells to enhance their power efficiency Capstone design School of science & engineering.

Wang P.S, (2016). Thermo-electrical Generator. Bangalore College of Engineering and Technology.

Fuqiang C, (2016). Calculation methods for thermoelectric generator performance. http://www.intechopen.com

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.52155/ijpsat.v30.1.3840


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.