Validity of a Chemistry Laboratory Manual Based on Green Chemistry Principle for High School Students Grade X in the Odd Semester

Lisda Amelia, Syamsi Aini, Muthia Septiayuni


This study aims to determine the validity of the Chemistry laboratory manual for high school students grade X  in an odd semester which is appropriate according to experts. The chemistry laboratory manual developed applies the principle of green chemistry in each of the experiments. The principles of green chemistry that are applied are the first principle (waste prevention), the third principle (chemical synthesis which is less dangerous), the 4th principle (designing safer chemicals), the 5th principle (safer solvents and auxiliaries), and the 12th principle (chemicals which is inherently safer for accident prevention). This research is part of research and development research with a 4-D development model. This research was only carried out to the stage of content validation and construct validation by experts


Chemistry Laboratory Manual, Green Chemistry, Content Validation, Construct Validation.

Full Text:



Anastas, P.T. and J.C. Warner. (1998). Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice. 1st Edn., Oxford University Press, USA., ISBN: 978-19-850698-0, pp: 152.

Field, A. P. 2005. Discovering Statistics Using SPSS, Sage Publications Inc.

Haack, J., J.E. Hutchison, M.M. Kirchhoff and I.J. Levy.(2005). Going green: Lecture assignments and lab experiences for the college curriculum. J.Chem. Educ., 82: 974-978. DOI:10.1021/ed082p974

Ling, L.M. (1997). Chemical Education in Hongkong in Y.Takeuchi M.M. Ito (Eds).Chemical Education in Asia-Pasific. Tokyo: The Chemical Society Of Japan

Noh, T., Han, I., Woo, K. W. & Kang, S. (1997). Chemical education in Korea. In Y. Takeuchi & M. M. Ito (Eds.), Chemical education in Asia-Pacific. Tokyo: The Chemical Society of Japan.

Pullailla, A., Redjeki, S., & Rusdiana, D. (2007)."Guided Inquiry Learning Model to Improve the Mastery of Concepts and Creative Thinking Skills of High School Students on Temperature and Heat Material". Journal of Natural Sciences. 1 (3), 287295.

Thiagarajan, Sivasailam., Dorothy Semmel and Melvyn Semmel. (1974). Instructional Development for Training Teacher of Exceptional Children: A Sourcebook. Indiana University

Tongwen, H., Wending, L., Yogxing, W. (1997). In Y.Takeuchi M.M. Ito (Eds).Chemical Education in Asia-Pasific. Tokyo: The Chemical Society Of Japan

Wahyuningsih, A. S. (2017). Pengembangan Modul Praktikum Kimia Dasar. Jurnal Pena Sains, 43-51.

Wardencki, W., J. Curylo and J. Namiesnik. (2005). Green chemistry-current and future issues. Polish J. Environ. Stud., 14: 389-395.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Lisda Amelia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.