Insight into the Impact of Salinity Stress on Upland Rice and Plant Height Characteristics

Vitri Renny Triyanti


The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of salinity stress on upland rice and plant height characteristics. This research was conducted on farmer's land in Medan Selayang, Medan City. This study used a randomized block design with 2 factors in 3 replications. The first factor was the upland rice variety (P1= Sigambiri Merah; P2= Inpago-8; P3= Sigambiri Putih; P4= Ramos) and the second factor was the dose of salinity (0, 4, 8, 12 dS/m). Parameters were analyzed using ANOVA and the mean was further tested with 5% DMRT. The results show thatupland rice varieties inpago-8, white sigambiri, and ramos had plant height growth that was significantly different from the red sigambiri variety at the end of the observation (12 WAP). The highest growth was found in the white sigambiri variety of 148.48 cm. Other results also show that giving a salinity dose of 4-12 dS/m caninhibited the height growth of upland rice plants at the age of 8 WAP.


Salinity, Rice, Plant, Characteristic

Full Text:



Bhargava, S., & Sawant, K. (2013). Drought stress adaptation: metabolic adjustment and regulation of gene expression. Plant Breeding, 132(1), 21-32.

Bohn, H. L., McNeal, B. L., & O’Connor, G. A. (1985). Soil chemistry. 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Cha‐Um, S., Supaibulwatana, K., & Kirdmanee, C. (2007). Glycinebetaine accumulation, physiological characterizations and growth efficiency in salt‐ tolerant and salt‐sensitive lines of indica rice (Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica) in response to salt stress. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 193(3), 157- 166.

Chunthaburee, S., Dongsansuk, A., Sanitchon, J., Pattanagul, W., & Theerakulpisut, P. (2016). Physiological and biochemical parameters for evaluation and clustering of rice cultivars differing in salt tolerance at seedling stage. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 23(4), 467-477.

Clermont-Dauphin, C., Suwannang, N., Grünberger, O., Hammecker, C., & Maeght, J. L. (2010). Yield of rice under water and soil salinity risks in farmers’ fields in northeast Thailand. Field Crops Research, 118(3), 289-296.

Cramer, G. R., Epstein, E., & Läuchli, A. (1988). Kinetics of root elongation of maize in response to short-term exposure to NaCl and elevated calcium concentration. Journal of Experimental Botany, 39(11), 1513-1522.

Fageria, N. K. (1985). Salt tolerance of rice cultivars. Plant and Soil, 88(2), 237- 243.

Farooq, M., Hussain, M., Wakeel, A., & Siddique, K. H. (2015). Salt stress in maize: effects, resistance mechanisms, and management. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 35(2), 461-481.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Vitri Renny Triyanti

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.