The Role Of The Informal Sector In Income Generation In Madagascar: The Case Of The Fisheries Sector In The Urban District Of Toliara

Philippe Patrick ANDRIANJAFY, Harinirina Rolland RAMAMONJISOA, André Pierre LAZAMANANA


The purpose of our article is to analyse the informal sector in Madagascar, in order to understand whether it is really a source of income. To do this, we carried out a representative survey of the fishing industry in the urban district of Toliara. The fishing industry has gradually taken its place in the overall economic organisation, and has now become an element of balance and a factor in social stability, and the basis of a territorial dynamic. On a national scale, it accounts for 7 per cent of gross domestic product, provides around 1.5 million direct and indirect jobs, and accounts for 6.6 per cent of exports, making it a fundamental sector of the economy. The main objective of this article is to provide, through various theoretical and empirical tests and analyses, some answers as to the real contribution of the informal sector to the financial integration of fishing households, in Madagascar in general and in the Urban Commune of Toliara in particular. The results of research among a sample of 250 fishermen in this capital of the Atsimo-Andrefana region confirmed that the informal sector offers stable financial resources.


Income, Employment, Fishing, Informal sector, Toliara

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