Building a National Defense System to Address Marine Pollution through Maritime Diplomacy and Address Threats in the South China Sea

Amelia Fatimah, Rudy Sutanto, Agus Adriyanto


Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world and has the potential to become the world's maritime axis. One of the five pillars initiated by President Joko Widodo is maritime diplomacy which is necessary in realizing maritime security. Threats to maritime security are not bound by national borders, and therefore require international cooperation built through maritime diplomacy. One of the maritime threats occurring in Indonesia today is marine pollution. To deal with this threat, Indonesia has cooperated with several countries, including the Philippines and Australia.Indonesia as an archipelago that is in a cross position between two continents and two oceans has both great advantages and threats, so national defense is needed to answer real maritime threats. The SCS is a strategic area bordering Brunei Darussalam, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, and the PRC, which has a high potential for conflict. Indonesia has been dragged into the SCS dispute since 2010, after China claimed Indonesia's EEZ in the northern Natuna Islands. This research is a qualitative research that uses the literature study method, so that the data obtained is secondary data analyzed with interactive techniques. The results showed that the synergy between the the Indonesia Armed Forces and the people in facing threats in the SCS can be realized through the Navy's escort to Natuna fishermen so that they can fish more freely.


South China Sea; Natuna Sea; fishermen; people; National Army of the Republic of Indonesia

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