Change Detection in Land Surface Temperature Pattern of COVID-19 using Satellite Image Analysis in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Mohd Sahrul Syukri Yahya, Edie Ezwan Mohd Safian


COVID-19 is a serious disease and global issue that affects the economy, society, the environment and health. Climate change has impacted the temperature (LST). By the end of January 2020, Malaysia had recorded its first confirmed cases of COVID-19. As a preventative measure against the rapid spread of COVID-19 in Malaysia, the government has advised the general public to stay inside and to keep their physical contact with others to a minimum at distances of at least one metre. Additionally, residents have been urged to stay away from public gatherings. COVID-19 has had a tremendous impact on Kuala Lumpur, a state that is both popular with tourists, investors and a hub for students. Due to widespread calls for people to stay home instead of traveling, several tourist hotspots, educational facilities, and commercial enterprises have been hit hard. In Malaysia, the lockdown policy known as Movement Control Order (MCO) has been implemented phase-by-phase to stop the spread of COVID-19. This study aimed to investigate whether the COVID-19 epidemic has changed the average temperature of Earth's land as a result of the epidemic. Variations detected in LST before, during, and after a pandemic have been visualised using data from the Landsat 8 satellite image. It was discovered that the LST dropped at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, when people were less likely to spend time outdoors. As a result of the newly enacted norm, the LST was raised.


COVID-19; Land Surface Temperature; Landsat 8; Pandemic; Norm

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