The Influence of School Types, Class Classifications and Gender on Academic Achievement in Economics among High School Students: A Comparative Analysis.

ARANSI Waliyi Olayemi


The objective of this study was to examine empirically the influence of school types, class classifications and gender on students’ academic achievement in Economics among high school students in Irewole Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria. Due to this, three research questions were formulated and answered. All Grade II (Senior Secondary School Two) students who offered Economics in both private and public schools within the study area during 2017/2018 academic session formed the target population. However, simple random sampling technique which was stratified in nature and operation was used to select two-hundred and twenty seven (227) respondents. One-hundred and four (104) participants were from private schools while one-hundred and twenty three (123) participants were chosen from public schools. The empirical findings obtained with the aid of t-statistics indicated insignificant difference in the academic achievement of students in Economics on the basis of types of school. Beside, students in Science streams in both schools exhibited slightly better academic achievement in Economics than their counterparts in Arts and Commercial classes.  There was a significant difference in the students’ academic achievement on the basis of gender which was in favour of female students in private-funded schools. The study suggested that the teachers of both schools should endeavour to adopt varieties of teaching methods that aim at assisting the students to benefit from teaching not minding the class streams and gender, among others.


School Types; Class Classifications; Gender; Academic Achievement

Full Text:



. Akinloye, G. M Adu, K O and Adu, E. O (2015) A Comparative Analysis of Students’ Performance in Economics in Private and Public Secondary Schools in Lagos State, Nigeria. Journal of Social Science, 44(2, 3): 144-151.

. Alimi, O. S Ehinola, G. B and Alabi, F. O (2012) School Types, Facilities and Academic Performance of Students in Senior Secondary Schools in Ondo State, Nigeria. International Education Studies: 5(3); 44-48.

. Aransi, W. O (2017) Effect of Class Classification, Class Size and Gender on Academic Performance Among Fatima High School Students in Irewole Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria. European Journal of Education Studies, 3(11); 756-771.

. Aransi, W. O (2018) Impact of Age and Gender on High School Students’ Academic Performance in Economics: A Case Study Analysis. International Journalfor Innovative Research in Multidisciplinary Field. 4 (1); 8-15.

. Bukari1, C and Abra, A. M (2017) Difference in academic performance of economics students in public and private senior high schools within Cape Coast Metropolis in Ghana. International Journal of Academic Research in Education and Review; 5(1); 1-14.

. Cecilia N M, and Anthony M I. (2017) Gender Differences in Academic Resilience and Academic Achievement among Secondary School Students in Kiambu County, Kenya. Psychology Behavioral Science International Journal, 5(5): 001-007.

. David N and Beegle, K (2005) The Effect of School Type on Academic Achievement: Evidence from Indonesia. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3604.

. Godpower-Echie, G and Sopuruchi, I (2017) Influence of Gender on Interest and Academic Achievement of Students in Integrated Science in Obio Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State. European Scientific Journal, 13(10), 272-279.

. Harry, D. B.(2016) A Comparative Analysis of Academic Performance of Public and Private Junior High Schools in the Basic Education Certificate in Sekondi/Takoradi. European Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3 (1); 21-32.

. Igbinedion, V.I. and Epumepu, E.A. (2011) A comparison of students’ academic performance in business studies in public and private junior secondary school certificate examinations (JSSCE) in Ovia South West LGA of Edo State. Technical and Vocational Education Journal (TVEJ) 3(1): 42-53.

. Jacob F. and Linus K. S. (2017) Effect of Gender on Senior Secondary School Students’ Academic Achievement in Geography in Ganye Educational Zone, Nigeria. European Journal of Education Studies, 3(4); 394-410.

. Kumwenda, B. Cleland, J. A Walker, K. Lee, A. J and Greatrix, R (2018) The relationship between school type and academic performance at medical school: a national, multi-cohort study. BMJ Open: 1-12

. Marc F and Ping C. W. C (2015) Academic Outcomes of Public and Private High School Students: What Lies Behind the Differences? Publications Review Committee Analytical Studies Branch, Statistics Canada 24th Floor, R.H. Coats Building Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6.

. MeenuDev, P. D (2016) Factors Affecting the Academic Achievement: A Study of Elementary School Students of NCR Delhi, India. Journal of Education and Practice; 7(4), 70-74.

. Muhammad, K. (2017) Gender Difference in Math Anxiety and Mathematics Performance of Secondary Schools students in Bauchi State Nigeria. International Journal of Education and Evaluation. 3(11); 26-31.

. OECD (2012). Public and Private Schools: How Management and Funding Relate to their Socio economic Profile, OECD Publishing. http: //dx. available on line at: www. oecd. org/ publishing/ corrigenda

. Okon, C. E. and Archibong U. (2015) School Type and Students’ Academic Performance in Social Studies in Junior Secondary Certificate Examination (JSCE). Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies; 4 (2); 421-426.

. Olatoye, R. A and Olasehinde, K. J (2014) A Comparative Study of Public and Private Senior Secondary School Students’ Science Achievement in Katsina State, Nigeria. Journal of Educational and Social Research; 4 (3); 203-207.

. Roya S and Murthy C. G. V (2016) A Comparative Study of Government and Private School Students on Their Critical Thinking and Study Habits. The International Journal of Indian Psychology; 3(4); 53-60.

. Samuel K. R. (2017) A Comparison of Academic Performance between Public and Private Secondary Schools in Wareng District, Kenya. British Journal of Education 5(11); 58-67.

. Sunday B. A (2014) Comparative Study of Pupils' Academic Performance between Private and Public Primary Schools. World Journal of Education, 4(4); 55-60.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 ARANSI Waliyi Olayemi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.