The Level Of Effectiveness Of Student Books Using The Problem Based Learning Model To Improve 21st Century Skill

Yesni Oktrisma, Ratnawulan Ratnawulan


The 21st century is said to be the century of the development of science and technology in order to survive, it is necessary to improve the quality of human resources who can keep up with these developments. Improving the quality of human resources plays an important role in 21st century education. Education in the 21st century is defined by various demands for skills known as the 4Cs (collaboration, communication, creative thinking, critical thinking). The learning process refers to problems that are closely related to the concept of Physics subjects. Physics is a branch of science that discusses phenomena and phenomena that occur in the universe. Physics also examines a field of science that plays an important role in the development of science and technology. In addition, learning Physics includes aspects of knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Learning physics is more demanded as an active learning resource. One source of learning is student books. The student books needed are very important in an effort to achieve the objectives of learning Physics carried out by students. This type of research is research and development. This study aims to see the effectiveness of student books with the Problem Based Learning (PBL) model to improve 21st century skills on temperature and heat materials for students of SMAN 3 Lengayang class XI.MIPA1. Effectiveness data obtained from students in the form of essay test questions. The research subjects were students of class XI.MIPA1 with a total of 35 people. The research instrument includes essay test questions. Effectiveness data analysis technique using descriptive percentage. The average N-Gain value obtained is 66% in the medium category.


Effectiveness, Student's Book, Problem Based Learning (PBL) Model, 21st Century Skills.

Full Text:



Aji, S. D et al. (2016). Scientific Work for Middle and High School Students through Authentic Problem Based Learning (APBL). Journal of Educational Inspiration, 6(1), 835-841.

Arends, Richard I. (2013). Learn to Teach. Edition 9 book 2. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika

Astri Yuni Rismawati, et al. (2017). Development of Problem Based Learning Physics Learning Module to Improve Physics Problem Solving Ability. Science Education Journal, 1 (1), May 2017, 36-51 E. ISSN. 2540 – 9859

Cresswell, John W. (2014). Research Design.London: SAGE Publications,Inc.

Daryanto and Rahardjo. (2012). Innovative learning model. Yogyakarta: Gava Media.

Ministry of National Education. (2003). Law No. 20 of 2003 concerning the National Education System. Jakarta: Depdiknas.

Duch. (1995). Problem Based Learning. Jakarta: History of Indonesia

Durotun Nasihah Evi. (2018). Problem Based Learning (PBL) model with peer tutors to improve high school students' critical thinking skills. Physics Education Study Program, FKIP, Jember University ISSN: 2527 – 5917, Volume 3 No 2

Griffin, et al. (2012). Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills. Dordrecht, NL, Springer.

Habibi, et al. (2017). Moodle-Based Physics Learning Tool Development: Journal of Physics and Technology Education (ISSN. 2407-6902) Volume 3 No.2,

Hake, R, R. (1999). Analyzing Change/Gain Scores. AREA-D American Education Research Association's Division: D, Measurement and Research Methodology.

Hobbies. (2010). Development Research Methodology. Jember: Salsabila pen.

Hoellwarth, C., Moelter, M. J., & Knight, R. D. A. (2005). Direct Comparison of Conceptual Learning and Problem Solving Ability in Traditional and Studio Style Classrooms. American Journal of Physics, (73) 459.

Kemndikbud. (2013). Curriculum Development 2013. Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture.

Kusumawati3 Endah, et al.(2019). Analysis of Student Worksheet Needs Based on Problem Based Learning to Stimulate Students' Creative Thinking Ability. Master of Mathematics Education at Ahmad Dahlan University. Volume 1, Number 1, 2019, pp. 259-263

Masjudin, Kurniawan ade. (2017). Development of Practice-Based Microteaching Textbooks to Improve Teaching Skills of Prospective Teachers. IKIP Mataram Handayani Hall. ISSN 2598-1978

Mendikbud. (2017). Improvement of National Education. Accessed at: https://www.

] Nicols, Jennifer. 2013 . Essential Rules Of 21th Century Learning

Nahel, Bintu. (2012). Understanding Student Books. (Online), ( cialsciences/education/2251813- pengertian-buku-siswa/, accessed 2 October 2013).

Nisak Fitri, et al. (2019). Meta-analysis of Inquiry Based Learning Models for Science and Physics Learning in the 21st Century. UNP. Pillar of Physics Education, Volume 12. No 4,865-872

P. Dwijananti, D. Yulianti. (2010). Development of Students' Critical Thinking Skills Through Problem Based Instruction Learning in Environmental Physics Courses: Indonesian Journal of Physics Education, 6 (1), 108-114.

Polya, G. (1973). How to Solve It : A New Aspect of Mathematical Method (Second Edition). New Jersey:Princeton University Press

Prastowo, Andi. (2012). Creative Guide to Making Innovative Teaching Materials.Jogjakarta: DIVA Press

Prastowo, Andi. (2016). Understanding Research Methods: A Theoretical and Practical Review. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media.

Ratna Wulan, et al. (2012). Improved Character Behavior and Critical Thinking Skills for Class IX Students of MTsN Padang Model in Physics Subjects: A journal of physics learning research. ISSN 2252-3014

Sudi Dul Aji, et al. (2017). Development of Problem Based Learning Physics Learning Module to Improve Physics Problem Solving Ability: Science Education Journal, 1 (1), 36-51.

Wiwin Elok, et al. (2014). The teacher's view on the implementation of the 2013 curriculum in vocational physics learning in the city of Surabaya. Journal of Physics Education and Its Applications (JPFA) Volume 4 No 1, June 2014 ISSN: 2087-9946.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 yesni oktrisma

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.