Tectonic Lineament Patterns from Geological and Ground Magnetic Study of Western Part of Adamawa Massif, North Eastern Nigeria

Yusuf A., Bassey N.E, Barka J., Auwalu D., Yaro U.Y, Kwami A.I


Ground magnetic survey was conducted Using G856-Memory-MagTM Proton Precision Magnetometer and the earth’s magnetic field data acquired following a regular grid patterns. The aim of the survey is to delineate lineaments patterns and to relate them to the tectonic frame work of the Adamawa Massif of north-eastern Nigeria. The study area is composed of granite gneisses, biotite hornblende gneiss and porphyritic granites. Iron mineralized veins and non mineralized fractures (joints and faults) were found to be predominantly oriented in a NE-SW and NW-SE trends. The magnetic anomalies observed after subjecting the potential field data to Horizontal Derivative filtration technique shows conformity with the direction of flows of rivers and stream channels found in the study area (this indicates structural control of the rivers and streams). These orientations are also concordant with the trends of structural features (foliation/fractural) mapped in the Adamawa Massif of Northeastern Nigeria. The present research work has thrown more light on the Geology and tectonics of the area.


Tectonic, lineament, study, Magneticanomalies, Adamawa Massif,

Full Text:



Benkhelil, J., (1982). Structural map of the Upper Benue Valley. Journal of Mining and Geology, 18, pp. 140-151.

Bappah, A.A., (2009). Geological Interpretation of Aeromagnetic Maps of Jalingo and Monkin areas of the Adamawa massifs, Northeastern Nigeria. Unpublished M.sc Thesis, Federal University of Technology Yola, Adamawa state, Nigeria.

Bassey, N.E., and Peter, A. (2012). Pattern and Significance of Geosciences and Mining Research Works in Nigeria from 2008 – 2012. International Research Journal of Geology and Mining (IRJGM) Vol.4 (2) pp.57 – 63.

Ekwueme, B.N., (1987). Structural orientations and Precambrian Episodes of Uwet Area Oban Massif, S.E. Precambrian Resources, vol.34. pp. 269-289.

Ekwueme, B.N., (1994). Structural Features of Southern Obudu Plateau, Bamenda Massif, S.E Nigeria: Preliminary Interpretation. Journal of Mining and Geology Vol. 30. No.1 pp.45 – 59.

Federal Surveys Agency of Nigeria, (1976). Topographic Sheet 216, Monkin NE, Nigeria. Scale: 1: 100,000

Haruna, I.V., Orazulike, D.M., Ofulume, A.B., (2011). Some Petrological and Mineralogical Constraints on the Source and Processes for Uranium Mineralisation on the Granitoids of Zing – Monkin areas. Global Journal of Geological Sciences. Vol.9(2)

Kogbe, C.A, (1989). Geology of Nigeria; introduction to geology and mineral deposits of Nigeria, Second Edition.

Kasidi, S., and A. Nur., (2012). Analysis of Aeromagnetic data Over Mutum-biyu and environs, Northeastern Nigeria. Research Journal of Engineering and Applied Science,1: 142 – 148.

McCurry, P., (1971). Pan African Orogeny in Northern Nigeria. In: Ekwueme, B.N., 1987 Structural features of Southern Obudu Plateau, Bamenda Massif, S.E.Nigeria. Journal of Mining and Geology, vol.30, No.1, pp.45-59.

Oyawoye, M.O., (1970). The Basement complex of Nigeria In: Dessauvagie. T.F.J. and Whiteman, A.J.W. (eds.) African Geology, University of Ibadan press, pp.67-99.

Ofoegbu, C.O., (1985). Interpretation of a Linear Magnetic Features near Mutum – Biyu, North east, Ngeria Revista Brazilleira de Geofisica. Vol.3. pp.91 – 97.

Oluyide, P, O, (1988). Structural trends in the Nigerian Complex. In: Precambrian Geology of Nigeria, P.O. Oluyide (coordinator), Geological Survey of Nigeria Publication, pp.93-98

Odeyemi, I.B, Anifowose, Y.B AND Asiwajubello, Y.A, (1999). Multi-techniques Graphical analyses of fractures from remote sensing images of Basement region of Nigeria.J. Min. Geol. 35,(1)pp.9-21

Rahaman, M.A., (1976). Review of Basement Geology of Southwestern Nigeria. In: C.A. Kogbe, (ed.), Geology of Nigeria. Elizabethan Publishing Company, Lagos, pp. 41-58.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.52155/ijpsat.v8.1.341


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Yusuf A., Bassey N.E, Barka J., Auwalu D., Yaro U.Y, Kwami A.I

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.